NEET PG Medicine MCQs 198 – Endocrinology – 10

1. The following are a feature of primary hyperaldosteronism except

  1. Polyuria
  2. Hypertension
  3. Hypokalemia
  4. Hyperkalemia

Ans (4)


2. A young hypertensive patient has serum K+2.8meq/L and aldosterone level with ↓ed plasma renin activity. The likely cause is

  1. Renal artery stenosis
  2. Ectopic ACTH syndrome
  3. Diuretic therapy
  4. Conn’s syndrome
  5. Liddle’s syndrome

Ans (4)


3. Edema feet is not a feature of

  1. Conn syndrome
  2. Hypothyroid
  3. CHF
  4. Nephrotic syndrome

Ans (1)


4. Extra-adrenal Pheochromocytoma predominantly secretes

  1. Epinephrine
  2. Norepinephrine
  3. Dopamine
  4. DOPA

Ans (2)


5. All are clinical features of pheochromocytoma, except

  1. Increased hematocrit
  2. Orthostatic hypotension
  3. Low cortisol level
  4. Impaired glucose tolerance

Ans (3)


6. Which is the following is not a part of a classic triad of Pheochromocytoma?

  1. Headache
  2. Palpitation
  3. Diaphoresis
  4. Pain abdomen

Ans (4)


7. Which of the following investigation is not done in Pheochromocytoma?

  1. CT scan
  2. FNAC
  3. PET scan
  4. Urinary BMA level

Ans (2)

 


8. Weight gain occurs in all, except

  1. Pheochromocytoma
  2. Cushing’s syndrome
  3. Hypothyroidism
  4. Insulin-secreting tumor

Ans (1)


9. All of the following are features of pheochromocytoma except

  1. Hypertensive paroxysm
  2. Headache
  3. Orthostatic hypotension
  4. Wheezing

Ans (4)

 


10. Profuse sweating is a feature of

  1. Hypothyroid
  2. Diabetes
  3. Conn syndrome
  4. Pheochromocytoma

Ans (4)


11. Adrenal Pheochromocytoma predominantly secretes

  1. Epinephrine
  2. Norepinephrine
  3. Dopamine
  4. DOPA

Ans (1)

 


12. Criteria for primary hyperaldosteronism are all except

  1. Diastolic hypertension without edema
  2. Metabolic acidosis present
  3. Low secretion of renin
  4. Low secretion of aldosterone in spite of the reduced volume of fluid

Ans (2)


13. True about Conn’s syndrome (select two best options)

  1. ↓K+
  2. ↑K+
  3. Proximal myopathy
  4. ↑ed plasma renin activity
  5. Edema

Ans (1&3)


14. Which is not a feature of primary hyperaldosteronism

  1. Hypokalemia
  2. Hypertension
  3. Hypernatremia
  4. Increased renin level

Ans (4)


15. Conn’s syndrome is associated with all, except

  1. Hypertension
  2. Muscle weakness
  3. Hypokalemia
  4. Edema

Ans (4)


16. Conn’s syndrome is most commonly associated with

  1. Cortical adenoma
  2. Cortical hyperplasia
  3. Cortical carcinoma
  4. Pheochromocytoma

Ans (1)


17. Regarding Addisonian pigmentation, all are true EXCEPT

  1. Involved moles and scars
  2. Involves palmar creases
  3. Does not involve oral mucosa
  4. Decreased fibrosis

Ans (3)


18. Addison’s disease is characterized by all except?

  1. Hyperglycemia
  2. Hypotension
  3. Hyperkalemia
  4. Hyponatremia

Ans (1)


19. Chronic adrenal insufficiency is characterized by all of the following

  1. Excess pigmentation
  2. Asthenia
  3. Weight gain
  4. Hypoglycaemic episodes

Ans (3)


20. A most common cause of adrenal insufficiency in India

  1. Autoimmune
  2. Surgery
  3. Steroid withdrawal
  4. Tuberculosis

Ans (4)


21. Pseudo Cushing’s syndrome is seen in?

  1. Obesity
  2. Alcoholism
  3. Depression
  4. All of the above

Ans (4)

 


22. Test of choice for diagnosing Cushing’s syndrome

  1. Overnight high dose Dexamethasone suppression test
  2. Low dose Dexamethasone suppression test
  3. Corticotrophin-releasing hormone test
  4. Insulin tolerance test

Ans (2)


23. A 28-year-old lady has put on weight (10 kg over a period of 3 years) and has oligomenorrhea followed by amenorrhea for 8 months. The blood pressure is 160/100 mm of Hg. Which of the following is the most appropriate investigation?

  1. Serum electrolytes
  2. Plasma cortisol
  3. Plasma testosterone and ultrasound evaluation of the pelvis
  4. T3, T4, and TSH

Ans (2)

 


24. Cushing’s disease is associated with

  1. Increased ACTH and increased cortisol
  2. Increased urinary Catecholamines
  3. Increased ADH
  4. Decreased ACTH and increased cortisol levels

Ans (1)


25. All are features of Cushing’s disease except

  1. Central obesity
  2. Episodic hypertension
  3. Easy bruising
  4. Glucose intolerance

Ans (2)

 


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