NEET PG Medicine MCQs 199 – Endocrinology – 11

1. Cushing syndrome is characterized by all except

  1. DM
  2. HT
  3. Distal myopathy
  4. Centripetal obesity

Ans (3)


2. A patient with Cushingoid features presents with hemoptysis; he shows no response to dexamethasone syppression test; most likely diagnosis here is

  1. Adrenal hyperplasia
  2. Adrenal adenoma
  3. Ca lung with ectopic ACTH production
  4. Pituitary microadenoma

Ans (3)


3. A patient presents with hyperparathyroidism. He has a family history of his siblings having pituitary involvement, pancreatic involvement, parathyroid hyperplasia, and cutaneous angiofibromas. Most likely diagnosis

  1. MEN 1
  2. MEN 2A
  3. MEN 2B
  4. MEN 2C

Ans (1)


4. A patient presents with an intermittent headache. On examination, there is hypertension and a thyroid nodule. Which of the following steps is to be taken next

  1. Urine HIAA levels
  2. Urine VMA and aspiration of the thyroid nodule
  3. Ultrasound abdomen
  4. Echocardiography

Ans (2)


5. All of the following are features of MEN II b, except

  1. Pituitary tumor
  2. Pheochromocytoma
  3. Medullary Ca of thyroid
  4. Neuromas

Ans (1)


6. A 36-year-old female with symptoms of hyperparathyroidism, pituitary adenomas, islet cell tumor with cutaneous angiofibromas. What is the diagnosis?

  1. MEN I
  2. MEN2A
  3. MEN2B
  4. Poly endocrine Syndrome

Ans (1)


7. In MEN I, which is seen most commonly

  1. Insulinoma
  2. Gastrinoma
  3. Glucagonoma
  4. Somatostatinoma

Ans (2)

 


8. Raised calcium and phosphorous seen in

  1. CRF
  2. Vitamin D intoxication
  3. Hyperparathyroidism
  4. Pseudohypoparathyroidism

Ans (2)


9. Which of the following condition can cause hyperphosphatemia?

  1. CRF
  2. Alkalosis
  3. Alcoholism
  4. All of the above

Ans (1)

 


10. Which of the following drug can cause hypophosphatemia?

  1. Cisplatin
  2. Ifosfamide
  3. Foscarnet
  4. All of the above

Ans (4)


11. Hypophosphatemia is seen in all except

  1. Wilson disease
  2. CRF
  3. X-link Rickets
  4. Chronic alcoholism

Ans (2)

 


12. Tumor lysis syndrome is associated with all of the following laboratory features except

  1. Hyperkalemia
  2. Hypercalcemia
  3. Hyperuricemia
  4. Hyperphosphatemia

Ans (2)


13. Features of tumor lysis syndrome are all except

  1. Hyperuricemia
  2. Hyperkalemia
  3. Hyperphosphatemia
  4. Hyponatremia

Ans (4)


14. Treatment of hypermagnesemia is

  1. Injection calcium gluconate
  2. Frusemide
  3. Dialysis
  4. All of the above

Ans (4)


15. Clinical finding was seen in hypermagnesemia?

  1. Bradycardia & hypertension
  2. Bradycardia & hypotension
  3. Tachycardia & hypertension
  4. Tachycardia & hypotension

Ans (2)


16. In which of the following syndrome hypomagnesemia occurs?

  1. Gitelman
  2. Barter
  3. Liddle
  4. Gordon

Ans (1)


17. Causes of tetany are all except?

  1. Repeated vomiting
  2. Hyperventilation
  3. Hypomagnesemia
  4. Chronic renal failure

Ans(4)


18. Which is not true of hypocalcemia:

  1. Can occur I hypoparathyroidism
  2. Latent tetany is seen
  3. Prolonged QT interval
  4. Inverse relation with Mg++ levels

Ans(4)


19. A patient has hyperphosphatemia with short metacarpals and associated cataract. The diagnosis is:

  1. Pseudohypoparathyroidism
  2. Hypophosphatasia
  3. Hyperparathyroidism
  4. Osteomalacia

Ans(1)


20. Teriparatide is used in the treatment of?

  1. Primary hyperparathyroidism
  2. Secondary hyperparathyroidism
  3. Hypoparathyroid
  4. Osteoporosis

Ans(4)


21. Treatment of acute hypercalcemia is:

  1. Normal saline with frusemide
  2. Plicamycin
  3. Gallium nitrate
  4. Mitramycin

Ans(1)

 


22. In which of the following condition there is hypercalcemia with low PTH?

  1. Sarcoidosis
  2. Prolonged immobilization
  3. D intoxication
  4. All of the above

Ans(4)


23. Increased serum calcium is seen in all except:

  1. Myxedema
  2. Multiple myelomas
  3. Renal cell carcinoma
  4. Milk-alkali syndrome

Ans(1)

 


24. A most common cause of the hypercalcemic crisis is:

  1. Carcinoma breast
  2. Parathyroid hyperplasia
  3. Parathyroid adenoma
  4. t’s disease

Ans(3)


25. Hypercalcemia is NOT seen in:

  1. Prolong immobilization
  2. Tumor lysis syndrome
  3. Multiple myelomas
  4. Sarcoidosis

Ans(2)

 


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