NEET PG Medicine MCQs 202 – Endocrinology – 14

1. Which of the following condition can lead to hypothyroid?

  1. Rheumatoid arthritis
  2. Ankylosing spondylitis
  3. Scleroderma
  4. Gout

Ans(3)


2. Nonpitting edema is seen in?

  1. Hyperthyroid
  2. SIADH
  3. Conn syndrome
  4. Hypothyroid

Ans(4)


3. Which of the following is most commonly seen in hypothyroid:

  1. Raised LDL
  2. Raised TG
  3. Raised HDL
  4. Raised VLDL

Ans(1)


4.A most common cause of hyperparathyroidism:

  1. Latrogenic
  2. Medullary carcinoma thyroid
  3. Parathyroid adenoma
  4. Parathyroid hyperplasia

Ans(3)


5. Which of the following is associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism:

  1. Parathyroid adenoma
  2. Marked hypercalcemia
  3. Chronic renal failure
  4. Parathyroidectomy relieves the symptoms

Ans(3)


6. A 45-year-old man, known case of chronic renal failure develops Rugger Jersey spine, the probable cause it:

  1. Aluminum intoxication
  2. CRF
  3. Osteoporosis
  4. Osteomalacia

Ans(2)


7. The trade-off hypothesis is associated with:

  1. Chronic Renal failure
  2. Metastatic bone tumors
  3. Parathyroid adenoma
  4. Malignant hyperparathyroidism

Ans(1)


8. During a routine check-up, a 67-year-old man is found to have a level of serum alkaline phosphatase three times the upper limit of normal. Serum calcium and phosphorus concentrations and liver function test results are normal. He is asymptomatic. The most likely diagnosis is:

  1. Metastatic bone disease
  2. Dubin Johnson syndrome
  3. t’s disease of bone
  4. Osteomalacia

Ans(3)


9. Which of the following is a cause of secondary hyperparathyroidism?

  1. Rickets
  2. CRF
  3. Malnutrition
  4. All of the above

Ans(4)


10. Marker of bone formation is:

  1. Alkaline phosphatase
  2. Type I procollagen
  3. Osteocalcin
  4. All of the above

Ans(4)


11. Marker of bone reabsorption is:

  1. Cross-linked N telopeptide
  2. Cross-linked C-telopeptide
  3. Free deoxypyridinoline
  4. All of the above

Ans(4)


12. M/C presentation of hyperparathyroidism is:

  1. Psychiatric manifestation
  2. Nephrocalcinosis
  3. Abdominal pain
  4. Asymptomatic hypercalcemia

Ans(4)


13. Which of the following is not a feature of hypercalcemia:

  1. Diarrhea
  2. Polyuria
  3. Depression
  4. Vomiting

Ans(1)


14. Not a marker for hyperparathyroidism is:

  1. Increase in serum calcium
  2. Increase in 24-hour urinary calcium excretion
  3. The decrease in serum calcitonin
  4. Subperiosteal resorption of phalanges

Ans(3)


15. In hyperparathyroidism all are seen except:

  1. Osteopetrosis
  2. Osteoporosis
  3. Cysts
  4. Brown tumor

Ans(1)


16. Tufting of the terminal phalanges is seen in:

  1. Hypoparathyroidism
  2. Hyperparathyroidism
  3. Hyperthyroidism
  4. Hypothyroidism

Ans(2)


17. Cyst in the bones are seen ins?

  1. Diabetes
  2. Osteoporosis
  3. Hyperparathyroid
  4. Hypoparathyroid

Ans(3)


18. Brown tumor was seen in:

  1. Hypothyroidism
  2. Hyperthyroidism
  3. Hypoparathyroidism
  4. Hyperparathyroidism

Ans(4)


19. In nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism, which of the following is true?

  1. Both calcium and phosphate are raised
  2. Both calcium and phosphate are reduced
  3. Calcium is raised and phosphate is reduce
  4. Calcium is reduced and phosphate is raised

Ans(2)


20. All are causes of hypercalcemia, except:

  1. Lithium therapy
  2. Chronic renal failure
  3. Multiple myelomas
  4. Vitamin A intoxication

Ans(2)


21. Not true:

  1. 1 alpha-hydroxylation in kidney
  2. 25 alpha-hydroxylation in liver
  3. In absence of sunlight daily requirement Vit D is 400-600 iu
  4. Williams syndrome consists of precocious metal retardation & obesity

Ans(4)


22. Hypercalcemia is associated with all except:

  1. Lung cancer
  2. Sarcoidosis
  3. Milk-alkali syndrome
  4. Celiac disease

Ans(4)


23. Hypercalcemia is seen in all, except:

  1. Acute pancreatitis
  2. MEN-1
  3. Sarcoidosis
  4. Vitamin A toxicity

Ans(1)


24. Hypercalcemia is not a feature of which one of the following conditions:

  1. Lithium toxicity
  2. Multiple myelomas
  3. Tumor lysis syndrome
  4. Aluminum toxicity

Ans(3)


25. Hypercalcemia is NOT seen in:

  1. Prolong immobilization
  2. Tumor lysis syndrome
  3. Multiple myelomas
  4. Sarcoidosis

Ans(2)


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