NEET PG Medicine MCQs 203 – Endocrinology – 15

1. Hypercalcemia is caused by all except:

  1. Thyrotoxicosis
  2. Vit D intoxication
  3. Thiazide
  4. Furosemide

Ans(4)


2. The most common cause of the hypercalcemic crisis is:

  1. Carcinoma breast
  2. Parathyroid hyperplasia
  3. Parathyroid adenoma
  4. t’s disease

Ans(3)


3. Causes of hypercalcemia are all except:

  1. Cushing syndrome
  2. MEN-I
  3. Hyperthyroidism
  4. Pheochromocytoma

Ans(1)


4. Increased serum calcium is seen in all except:

  1. Myxedema
  2. Multiple myelomas
  3. Renal cell carcinoma
  4. Milk alkali syndrome

Ans(1)


5. Hypercalciuria is seen in:

  1. Ca breast
  2. Vit D intoxication
  3. Sarcoidosis
  4. All of the above

Ans(4)


6. Treatment of hypercalcemia includes, all except:

  1. Gallium nitrate
  2. Plicamycin
  3. Etidronate
  4. Riluzole

Ans(4)


7. Treatment of acute hypercalcemia is:

  1. Normal saline with frusemide
  2. Plicamycin
  3. Gallium nitrate
  4. Mitramycin

Ans(1)


8. Which of the following drug is given by nasal route?

  1. Biphosphonate
  2. Calcitonin
  3. Cinacalcet
  4. None of the above

Ans(2)


9. Teriparatide is used in the treatment of?

  1. Primary hyperparathyroid
  2. Secondary hyperparathyroid
  3. Hypoparathyroid
  4. Osteoporosis

Ans(4)


10. Cinacalcet is used in the treatment of:

  1. Primary hyperparathyroid
  2. Secondary hyperparathyroid
  3. Hypoparathyroid
  4. Osteoporosis

Ans(2)


11. A patient has hyperphosphatemia with short metacarpals and associated cataract. The diagnosis is:

  1. Pseudohypoparathyroidism
  2. Hypothosphatasia
  3. Hyperparathyroidism
  4. Osteomalacia

Ans(1)


12. One of the mutations in pseudo hyperparathyroidism is in the gene for Gs-Alpha. This mutation mostly results is?

  1. A gain of function mutation
  2. Reduced GTPase activity of Gs-Alpha subunits
  3. Reduced synthesis of CAMP in response to PTH
  4. Reduced generation of inositol triphosphate

Ans(3)


13. Which is not true of hypocalcemia:

  1. Can-occur in hypoparathyroidism
  2. Latent tetany is seen
  3. Prolonged QT interval
  4. Inverse relation with Mg++ levels

Ans(4)


14. Hypocalcemia is characterized by all of the following features except:

  1. Numbness and tingling of the circumoral region
  2. Hyperactivity tendon reflexes
  3. Shortening of Q-T interval in ECG
  4. Carpopedal spasm

Ans(3)


15. Causes of tetany are all except:

  1. Repeated vomiting
  2. Hyperventilation
  3. Hypomagnosemia
  4. Chronic Renal failure

Ans(4)


16. Tetany can occur most likely in which of the following condition?

  1. Addison
  2. Conn syndrome
  3. SIADH
  4. All of the above

Ans(2)


17. In which of the following syndrome hypomagnesemia occurs?

  1. Gitelman
  2. Barter
  3. Liddle
  4. Gordon

Ans(1)


18. Which of the following drugs causes hypomagnesemia?

  1. Griseofulvin
  2. Foscarnet
  3. Cisplatin
  4. All of the above

Ans(2)


19. Clinical finding seen in hypermagnesemia?

  1. Bradycardia & hypertension
  2. Bradycardia & hypotension
  3. Tachycardia & hypertension
  4. Tachycardia & hypotension

Ans(2)


20. In which condition hypermagnesemia occurs?

  1. Cushing syndrome
  2. Addison’s syndrome
  3. Hypoparathyroid
  4. Acromegaly

Ans(2)


21. Treatment of hypermagnesemia is:

  1. Injection calcium glyconate
  2. Frusemide
  3. Dialysis
  4. All of the above

Ans(4)


22. Features of tumor lysis syndrome are:

  1. Hypocalcemia
  2. Hypophosphatemia
  3. Alkalosis
  4. Hypokalemia

Ans(1)


23. Features of tumor lysis syndrome are all except:

  1. Hyperuricemia
  2. Hyperkalemia
  3. Hyperphosphatemia
  4. Hyponatremia

Ans(4)


24. True about tumor lysis syndrome are A/E:

  1. Hyperuricemia
  2. Hypercalcemia
  3. Hyperkalemia
  4. Hyperphosphatemia

Ans(2)


25. Tumor lysis syndrome is associated with all of the following laboratory features except:

  1. Hyperkalemia
  2. Hypercalcemia
  3. Hyperuricemia
  4. Hyperphosphatemia

Ans(2)


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