PG NEET Ophthalmology Mcqs – Glaucoma

  1. The incidence of congenital glaucoma
    1. 1 in 1000
    2. 1 in 10000
    3. 1 in 50000
    4. 1 in 100000
      1. Ans(2)
  2. The earliest sign of primary developmental glaucoma
    1. Corneal edema
    2. Haab’s striae
    3. Photophobia
    4. Blepharospasm
      1. Ans(1)
  3. Descent membrane breach is a feature
    1. Acute angle closure glaucoma
    2. Congenital glaucoma
    3. Primary open angle glaucoma
    4. Acute Iridocyclitis
      1. Ans(2)
  4. Haab’s striae are seen in
    1. Complicated cataract
    2. Congenital glaucoma
    3. Retinal detachment
    4. Papilledema
      1. Ans(2)
  5. The following is not a feature of congenital glaucoma
    1. lacrimation
    2. corneal edema
    3. Vitreous opacities
    4. Axial myopia
      1. Ans(3)
  6. Not a feature of Infantile glaucoma
    1. Haab’s striae
    2. Hazy Cornea
    3. Aniridia
    4. Blue sclera
      1. Ans(3)
  7. Not a feature of congenital glaucoma
    1. Photophobia
    2. Blepharospasm
    3. Lacrimation
    4. Leukocoria
      1. Ans(4)
  8. Treatment of choice for congenital glaucoma
    1. Prostaglandin Analogues
    2. Corticosteroid eye drops
    3. Trabeculoplasty
    4. Goniotomy
      1. Ans(4)
  9. MC congenital anomaly associated with glaucoma
    1.  Aniridia
    2. Ectopia
    3. Keratoconus
    4. Coloboma of iris
      1. Ans(1)
  10. All the following are risk factors for primary open angle glaucoma
    1. Myopia
    2. Diabetes mellitus
    3. Plateau iris configuration
    4. Central corneal thickness (OCT) <555µ
      1. Ans(3)
  11. Frequent change of presbyopic glasses seen in
    1. Primary open angle glaucoma
    2. Primary angle closure glaucoma
    3. Nuclear cataract
    4. Secondary glaucoma
      1. Ans(1)
  12. Earliest significant visual field defect in primary open angle glaucoma
    1. Iospter contraction
    2. Paracentral scotoma
    3. Siedel’s scotoma
    4. Bjerrum’s scotoma
      1. Ans(2)
  13. Glaucoma visual field defects best detected by:
    1. Liters perimetry
    2. Goldmann perimetry
    3. Bjerrum’s screen
    4. Humphrey Field Analyzer(HFA)
      1. Ans(4)
  14. First choice drug for treatment of POAG in affordable patients
    1. Timolol maleate
    2. Pilocarpine
    3. Dorzolamide
    4. Latanoprost
      1. Ans(4)
  15. Latanoprost is used in the treatment of Latanoprost
    1. Primary open angle glaucoma
    2. Primary angle closure glaucoma
    3. Non-granulomatous  uveitis
    4. Granulomatous uveitis
      1. Ans(1)
  16. The major mechanism of action Latanoprost
    1. Decreased aqueous secretion from ciliary epithelium
    2. Increased uveoscleral outflow
    3. Increased trabecular outflow
    4. Increased depth of the anterior chamber
      1. Ans(2)
  17. All of the following are true about Latanoprost except
    1. A prostaglandin inhibitor
    2. Decrease intraocular pressure by increasing uveoscleral outflow
    3. Administration once every day is generally recommended
    4. Conjunctival hyperemia is the most common ocular side effect
      1. Ans(1)
  18. Which one of the following is not regarding side effects of Prostaglandin analogues?
    1. Conjunctival hyperemia
    2. Eyelash lengthening
    3. Irreversible iris hyperpigmentation
    4. Irreversible  hyperpigmentation of the periocular skin
      1. Ans(4)
  19. Which one of the following anti-glaucoma drug causes hyperpigmentation of the eyelids?
    1. Timolol
    2. Latanoprost
    3. brimonidine
    4. Dorzolamide
      1. Ans(2)
  20. Mechanism of action of beta blockers in glaucoma
    1. Increased uveoscleral outflow
    2. Decreased aqueous production
    3. Increased trabecular outflow
    4. All of the above
      1. Ans(2)
  21. A – 40-year-old patient came to the casualty breathlessness. examination reveals signs consistent with severe bronchospasm. He has started topical eye drops for the treatment of glaucoma on that day. Most likely drug which is used
    1. Timolol
    2. betaxolol
    3. latanoprost
    4. Dipivefrine
      1. Ans(1)
  22. Long-acting beta -blocker used in glaucoma
    1. Timolol
    2. Betaxolol
    3. Carteolol
    4. Levobunolol
      1. Ans(4)
  23. Which of the following drug used in glaucoma is a selective beta -1 blocker
    1. Timolol
    2. Levobunolol
    3. carteolol
    4. Betaxolol
      1. Ans(4)
  24. Which of the following beta-blocker is linked with granulomatous anterior uveitis
    1. Timolol
    2. Betaxolol
    3. Carteolol
    4. Metipranolol
      1. Ans(4)
  25. Mechanism of action of alpha agonists in the treatment of glaucoma
    1. Increased aqueous production
    2. decreased vitreous volume
    3. Increased Uveoscleral outflow
    4. Osmotic action
      1. Ans(3)
  26. Non -selective alpha – agonist used topically in glaucoma
    1. Bimatoprost
    2. Dorzolamide
    3. Brimonidine
    4. Dipivefrine
      1. Ans(4)
  27. `Selective alpha -2 agonist used in glaucoma
    1. Apraclonidine
    2. Epinephrine
    3. Dipivefrine
    4. Brimonidine
      1. Ans(4)
  28. Antiglaucoma drug that needs to be avoided in hypertensives
    1. timolol
    2. Pilocarpine
    3. Dorzolamide
    4. Latanoprost
      1. Ans(2)
  29. Antiglaucoma drug that is contraindicated in acute uveitis
    1. Pilocarpine
    2. Timolol
    3. Brimonidine
    4. latanoprost
      1. Ans(4)
  30. Which one of the following drug is not used in the treatment of glaucoma?
    1. latanoprost
    2. Atropine
    3. Brinzolamide
    4. mannitol
      1. Ans(2)
  31. Hyperosmolar agents in glaucoma act by:
    1. Increasing aqueous outflow
    2. Increasing uveoscleral outflow
    3. Decreasing vitreous humor
    4. Decrease production of aqueous
      1. Ans(3)
  32. Laser trabeculoplasty is done for
    1. Primary open angle glaucoma
    2. Primary angle closure glaucoma
    3. Secondary glaucoma
    4. Developmental glaucoma
      1. Ans(1)
  33. In  selective Laser trabeculoplasty, laser energy is applied at
    1. Scleral spur
    2. Peripheral iris
    3. Pigmented part of the trabecular meshwork
    4. Non – pigmented part of the trabecular meshwork
      1. Ans(3)
  34. All the following are features of angle closure glaucoma except
    1. Myopia
    2. Iris -lens diaphragm placed anteriorly
    3. Narrow-angle of the anterior chamber
    4. Plateue iris configuration
      1. Ans(1)
  35. The following is not a diagnostic criterion of Primary angle closure
    1. Irido -trabecular contact noted on gonioscopy is greater than 270¡ angle
    2. IOP elevated of Primary anterior synechiae present
    3. Optic disc shows glaucomatous changes
    4. Visual fields – normal
      1. Ans(3)
  36. Vertically oval fixed pupil, not reacting to light and accommodation is a feature of:
    1. Acute anterior uveitis
    2. Acute primary angle closure
    3. acute central retinal artery occlusion
    4. Optic neuritis
      1. Ans(2)
  37. Colored halos in angle closure glaucoma are due to
    1. Corneal edema
    2. Vitreous hemorrhage
    3. Lenticular opacities
    4. Hyphaema
      1. Ans(1)
  38. Emsley- Fincham’s stenopaeic slit test is used to differentiate
    1. OPen angle glaucoma from angle closure glaucoma
    2. Colored halos due to angle closure glaucoma and immature cataract
    3. Myopia and hypermetropia
    4. Simple and pathological myopia
      1. Ans(2)
  39. A 60-year-old lady presents with sudden loss of vision and a painful red eye. Probable diagnosis
    1. Primary Open-angle glaucoma
    2. Acute angle closure glaucoma
    3. Vitreous hemorrhage
    4. Retinal detachment
      1. Ans(2)
  40. What is the drug of choice for immediate reduction of IOP  is acute primary angle closure/
    1. Pilocarpine
    2. Timolol
    3. IV mannitol
    4. Latanoprost
      1. Ans(3)
  41. Treatment of choice in acute congestive glaucoma
    1. Clear lens extraction
    2. Trabeculectomy
    3. Laser iridotomy
    4. Trabeculoplsty
      1. Ans(3)
  42. Laser iridotomy is the treatment of choice in
    1. Congenital glaucoma
    2. Primary open angle glaucoma
    3. Primary angle closure glaucoma
    4. Secondary glaucoma
      1. Ans(3)
  43. Treatment for absolute glaucoma
    1. Cyclocryotherapy
    2. Acetazolamide
    3. Trabeculectomy
    4. Timolol
      1. Ans(1)
  44. Which one if the following is a cause of secondary angle closure glaucoma?
    1. Pseudophakia
    2. Steroid-induced glaucoma
    3. angle recession glaucoma
    4. Neovascular glaucoma
      1. Ans(1)
  45. Glaucoma associated with cataract
    1. Phagotrophic glaucoma
    2. Phacoanaphylactic glaucoma
    3. Photopic glaucoma
    4. neovascular glaucoma
      1. Ans(1)
  46. The following is not a lens induced secondary open angle glaucoma
    1. Phacolytic glaucoma
    2. Lens particle glaucoma
    3. Phacoanaphylactic glaucoma
    4. Phacomphic glaucoma
      1. Ans(4)
  47. Krukenberg’s spindle is seen on
    1. Lens
    2. Conjunctiva
    3. Corneal endothelium
    4. Retina
      1. Ans(3)
  48. Krukenberg’s spindle is seen in
    1. Sympathetic ophthalmitis
    2. Pigmentary glaucoma
    3. Complicated cataract
    4. Iridocyclitis
      1. Ans(2)
  49. Treatment of neovascular glaucoma
    1. Goniotomy
    2. Peripheral iridotomy
    3. Trabeculectomy
    4. Artificial drainage shunt operations
      1. Ans(4)
  50. Drops used in malignant glaucoma
    1. Anti – miotic drops
    2. Antimitotic drops
    3. Pilocarpine drops
    4. Atropine drops
      1. Ans(4)

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