PG NEET Ophthalmology Mcqs – Lens

  1. The most common complication of hypermature sclerotic cataract;
    1. Dislocation of lens
    2. Phacomorphic glaucoma
    3. Uveitis
    4. Neovascularisation of iris
      1. Ans(1)
  2. A child has congenital cataract involving the visual axis which was detected by the parents right at birth. When should the child be operated?
    1. Immediately
    2. At 2 months of age
    3. At 1 years of age when the globe attains normal size
    4. At 4 years when ocular and orbital growth is complete
      1. Ans(1)
  3. Which type of cataract causes phacomorphic glaucoma?
    1. Incipient cataract
    2. Intumescent cataract
    3. Morgagnian cataract
    4. Zonular cataract
      1. Ans(2)
  4. Essential parameters for IOL power calculation are:
    1. Keratometry and corneal thickness
    2. Corneal thickness and an axial length of the eyeball
    3. Keratometry and the axial length of the eyeball
    4. Corneal thickness and anterior chamber depth
      1. Ans(3)
  5. Typical appearance of diabetic cataract is;
    1. Sunflower cataract
    2. Breadcrumb cataract
    3. Polychromatic luster
    4. Snowflake cataract
      1. Ans(4)
  6. An axial length of the eye prior to cataract surgery is measured by:
    1. Keratometry
    2. A-scan biometry
    3. Specular microscopy
    4. Slit lamp biomicroscopy
      1. Ans(1)
  7. Cataract in a diabetic patient is due to accumulation of sorbitol. The enzyme responsible is:
    1. Hexokinase
    2. NADPH dependent Aldose Reductase
    3. Glucokinase
    4. Phosphofructokinase
      1. Ans(2)
  8. Which of the following is not needed for IOL power calculation prior to cataract surgery?
    1. keratometry
    2. A-Scan biometry
    3. Corneal topography
    4. SRK formula
      1. Ans(3)
  9. Fluctuating refractive errors with cataract are seen in;
    1. Morgagnian cataract
    2. Diabetic cataract
    3. Intumescent cataract
    4. Traumatic cataract
      1. Ans(2)
  10. Non – foldable IOL is made up of
    1. PMMA
    2. Silicon
    3. Acrylic
    4. Hydrogels
      1. Ans(1)
  11. Sunflower cataract is seen in
    1. Chalcosis
    2. Diabetes
    3. Syphilis
    4. Stargardt’s disease
      1. Ans(1)
  12. Modern IOL is made up of:
    1. PMMA
    2. Acrylic acid
    3. Glass
    4. Silicon
      1. Ans(1)
  13. Polychromatic luster is seen in
    1. Complicated cataract
    2. Diabetic cataract
    3. Post-radiation cataract
    4. Congenital cataract
      1. Ans(1)
  14. IOL which can correct astigmatism is
    1. Toric IOL
    2. Multifocal IOL
    3. Monofocal IOL
    4. ACIOL
      1. Ans(1)
  15. Steroid-induced cataract is:
    1. Posterior subcapsular
    2. Anterior subcapsular
    3. Nuclear cataract
    4. Cupuliform cataract
      1. Ans(1)
  16. In which of the following conditions is IOL implantation after cataract surgery contraindicated?
    1. Fuch’s heterochromic iridocyclitis
    2. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
    3. Psoriatic arthritis
    4. reiter’s syndrome
      1. Ans(2)
  17. Rosette cataract is seen in
    1. Blunt trauma
    2. diabetes
    3. Wilson’s disease
    4. Myopia
      1. Ans(1)
  18. Complication of cataract surgery are:
    1. Endophthalmitis
    2. Optic neuropathy
    3. Retinal detachment
    4. Vitreous loss
    5. lagophthalmos
      1. Ans(1)
  19. Anterior polar cataract is seen in
    1. Diabetes
    2. Perforating injury
    3. Irradiation
    4. Chalcosis
      1. Ans(2)
  20. Postopendophthalmitis in cataract surgery is decreased by all except:
    1. Antibiotic eye drops
    2. Intracameral antibiotic at the end of the surgery
    3. Postoperative oral antibiotics
    4. Sterile operative antibiotics
      1. Ans(3)
  21. Vossius ring is seen in
    1. Penetrating trauma
    2. Concussion injury
    3. Iridocyclitis
    4. Acute angle closure glaucoma
      1. Ans(2)
  22. Which of the most important factor in the prevention of postoperative endophthalmitis?
    1. Preoperative preparation with povidone iodine
    2. One week antibiotic therapy prior to surgery
    3. Trimming of eyelashes
    4. use of intravitreal antibiotics
      1. Ans(1)
  23. Christmas tree cataract is seen in
    1. Down’s syndrome
    2. Rubella
    3. Myotonic dystrophy
    4. Diabetes
      1. Ans(3)
  24. Late-onset endophthalmitis after cataract surgery is caused by:
    1. Staphylococcus epidermidis
    2. Pseudomonas
    3. Streptococcus pyogenes
    4. Propionibacterium acnes
      1. Ans(4)
  25. Which of the following does not cause complicated cataract?
    1. Pathological myopia
    2. Diabetes mellitus
    3. Retinitis pigmentosa
    4. Iridocyclitis
      1. Ans(2)
  26. Select the correct match;
    1. Wilson’s disease- Sunflower cataract
    2. Alport’s syndrome-Posterior lenticonus
    3. Amiodarone – Anterior subcapsular cataract
    4. Myotonic dystrophy – Christmas tree cataract
      1. Ans(1)
  27. A 56 -year -old presents after 3 days of cataract surgery with a history of pain and decrease in vision after an initial improvement. The most likely diagnosis is:
    1. Endophthalmitis
    2. After cataract
    3. Central retinal vein occlusion
    4. Retinal detachment
      1. Ans(1)
  28. A specific pattern of cataract is not seen in:
    1. Juvenile diabetes
    2. Leprosy
    3. Myotonic dystrophy
    4. Wilson’s disease
      1. Ans(2)
  29. Endophthalmitis involves all the layers of the eyeball except:
    1. Cornea
    2. Choroid
    3. Sclera
    4. Retina
      1. Ans(3)
  30. Which of the following conditions is not associated with cataract
    1. Diabetes mellitus
    2. Myotonic dystrophy
    3. Refsum’s disease
    4. Wilson’s disease
      1. Ans(3)
  31. Most common late complication of cataract surgery
    1. Cystoid macular edema
    2. Glaucoma
    3. Posterior capsule opacification
    4. Uveitis
      1. Ans(3)
  32. The investigation to predict postoperative visual outcome after cataract surgery is:
    1. Pachymetry
    2. Topography
    3. Potential acuity meter
    4. Lensometry
      1. Ans(3)
  33. Ring of Sommering is seen in:
    1. Diabetes
    2. Galactosemia
    3. After cataract
    4. Wilson’s disease
      1. Ans(3)
  34. recovery after cataract surgery is fastest with
    1. ICCE
    2. ECCE
    3. Phacoemulsification
    4. SICS
      1. Ans(3)
  35. Treatment of posterior capsule opacification is:
    1. Krypton laser
    2. Argon laser
    3. Nd-YAG laser
    4. Co2 laser
      1. Ans(3)
  36. Advantages of ECCE over ICCE are:
    1. Less change of cystoid edema
    2. Less change of endophthalmitis
    3. can be used in traumatic lens subluxation
    4. Minimal endothelial damage
      1. Ans(1)
  37. A 60 – years -old patient operated 6 months back for cataract presents with floaters and decrease in vision. The likely diagnosis is:
    1. vitreous hemorrhage
    2. Retinal detachment
    3. CRAO
    4. Cystoid  macular edema
      1. Ans(2)
  38. In present scenario the only indication of ICCE is;
    1. Mature cataract
    2. Pediatric cataract
    3. Subluxated cataract
    4. Immature cataract
      1. Ans(3)
  39. How many weeks after cataract surgery are spectacles prescribed/
    1. 6 weeks
    2. 10 weeks
    3. 12 weeks
    4. 14 weeks
      1. Ans(1)
  40. The standard sutureless cataract surgery with phacoemulsification and foldable IOL implantation has an incision of;
    1. 1 – 1.5 mm
    2. 2.25 mm
    3. 3.35 mm
    4. 4.45mm
      1. Ans(3)
  41. Which of the following is the output indicator of NPCB?
    1. Number of cataract surgeries leading to sight restoration
    2. A decrease in the prevalence of blindness
    3. Number of school children provided with glasses for refractive correction
    4. Number of eye surgeons trained
      1. Ans(1)
  42. Phacoemulsification includes:
    1. Hydrodissection
    2. Hydrodeliniation
    3. Continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis
    4. IOL implantation
      1. Ans(3)
  43. Best irrigating fluid for cataract surgery is:
    1. Normal saline
    2. Ringer lactate
    3. Balanced salt solution
    4. Balanced salt solution + glutathione
      1. Ans(4)
  44. Power for nuclear fragmentation in cataract surgery is;
    1. Ultrasonic
    2. Thermal
    3. Electrical
    4. magnetic
      1. Ans(1)
  45. Treatment for congenital cataract is:
    1. pharmacotherapy
    2. Combined cataract surgery and goniotomy
    3. Cataract surgery with IOL implantation with posterior capsulotomy
    4. Pars plana lensectomy with no IOL implantation
      1. Ans(3)

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