NEET PG Medicine MCQs 78 – Renal System Disorders

  1. Nephrotic syndrome may be associated with:
    1. ↓ Total cholesterol
    2. ↓ LDL cholesterol
    3. ↓ VLDL cholesterol
    4. ↓ Triglycerides
    5. ↓ HDL cholesterol
      1. Ans(5)
  2. Which of the most sensitive test for renal vein thrombosis?
    1. CT angiography
    2. doppler
    3. prothrombin
    4. clotting time
      1. Ans(1)
  3. True about light microscopy in minimal changes disease is:
    1. Loss of foot process seen
    2. Anti GBM Abs seen
    3. IgA deposits are seen
    4. No change is seen
      1. (G)Ans(4)
  4. Most common pathological features in diabetes mellitus are:
    1. papillary necrosis
    2. diffuse glomerulo sclerosing
    3. enal atherosclerosis
    4. chronic pyelonephritis
      1. Ans(2)
  5. A 7 years old boy presented with generalized edema. Urine examination revealed marked albuminuria. serum biochemical examinations showed hypoalbuminemia with hyperlipidemia. Kidney biopsy was undertaken. On light microscopic examination, the kidney appeared normal. Electron microscopic examination is most likely to reveal
    1. fusion of foot processes of the glomerular epithelial cells
    2. rarefaction of glomerular basement membrane
    3. deposition of electron-dense material in the basement membrane
    4. thin basement membrane
      1. Ans(1)
  6. pathological changes of diabetic nephropathy are all except:
    1. fibrin caps and capsular drops
    2. intercapillary glomerulosclerosis
    3. focal sclerosis
    4. capillary basement membrane thickening
      1. Ans(3)
  7. A child presents with hematuria and nephrotic syndrome. A diagnosis of minimal change disease was made. Which of the following statements about the diagnosis is true:
    1. The glomerular function is lost due to loss of polyanions around the foot processes
    2. foot precesser of podocytes in the glomerular membranes are normal
    3. the glomerular function is a lot due to deposition of IgA on the glomerular membrane
    4. focal segmental changes are observed
      1. Ans(1)
  8. HIV associated nephropathy is a type of:
    1. membranous glomerulonephritis
    2. Immunotactoid glomerulopathy
    3. collapsing glomerulopathy
    4. fibrillary glomerulopathy
      1. Ans(3)
  9. Clinical features of minimal change. Glomerulonephritis all except:
    1. Hypertension
    2. Edema
    3. Selective proteinuria
    4. Fever
      1. Ans(1)
  10. Collapsing glomerulopathy features
    1. tuft necrosis
    2. mesangiolysis
    3. The proliferation of parietal epithelium cells
    4. visceral epithelium cells injury
      1. Ans(4)
  11. Minimal change glomerulopathy may be seen in associated with all except:
    1. hepatitis B
    2. HIV
    3. IF α
    4. Hodgkin’s disease
      1. Ans(1)
  12. Reflux nephropathy with proteinuria in the nephrotic range may be seen in patients with
    1. membranous glomerulonephritis
    2. focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
    3. nodular glomerulosclerosis
    4. crescentic glomerulonephritis
      1. Ans(2)
  13. Minimal change glomerulopathy may progress to which of the following?
    1. RPGN
    2. FEGS
    3. good pasture
    4. MPGN
      1. Ans(2)
  14. Wire loop lesions are often characteristic for following class of lupus nephritis:
    1. Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis
    2. focal proliferative glomerulonephritis
    3. diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis
    4. membranous glomerulonephritis
      1. Ans(3)
  15. All are steroid resistant except:
    1. post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis
    2. minimal change glomerulonephritis
    3. RPGN
    4. recurrent hematuria
      1. Ans(2)
  16. A 30 years old man presents with generalized edema and hypertension Urine examination shows subnephrotic proteinuria and microscopic hematuria. Serum complement levels are decreased and he is positive for anti hepatitis C antibodies. The most likely diagnosis is:
    1. post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis
    2. membranous GN
    3. membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
    4. focal symmetry glomerular sclerosis
      1. Ans(2)
  17. Remlal 65 years male, a known case of Ca colon complains of generalized swelling in his body. his urine examination shows proteinuria of 4gm/24 hours. Which type of Glomerulonephritis is most likely to be caused in this?
    1. minimal change
    2. membranous
    3. focal & segmental
    4. membrane proliferative
      1. Ans(2)
  18. Serum C3 is persistently low in the following except:
    1. Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis
    2. membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
    3. lupus nephritis
    4. glomerulonephritis related to bacterial endocarditis
      1. Ans(1)
  19. reflux nephropathy is most likely to cause?
    1. minimal change
    2. membranous
    3. focal & segmental
    4. membrane proliferative
      1. Ans(3)
  20. Hypocomplementemia is seen:
    1. PSGN
    2. membranous GN
    3. Focal & segmental GN
    4. MPGN
    5. infective endocarditis
      1. Ans(1,4,5)
  21. Tram tract appearance is seen in?
    1. minimal change
    2. Membranous
    3. focal & segmental
    4. membrane proliferative
      1. Ans(4)
  22. Non – proliferative glomerulonephritis include all of the following except:
    1. Local segmental glomerulonephritis
    2. mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis
    3. membranous glomerulonephritis
    4. Amyloidosis
      1. Ans(2
  23. A complemented level is reduced in:
    1. minimal changes
    2. membranous
    3. focal & segmental
    4. Membrane proliferative GN
      1. Ans(4)
  24. Renal Vein Thrombosis is most common in which type of Gn?
    1. Minimal change
    2. Membranous
    3. FSGS
    4. MPGN
      1. Ans(2)

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