NEET PG Medicine MCQs 79 – Renal System Disorders

  1. Proliferative glomerular deposits in the kidney are found in:
    1. Amyloidosis
    2. Diabetes mellitus
    3. IgA nephropathy
    4. membranous glomerulonephritis
      1. Ans(3)
  2. features of rhabdomyolysis include all of the following except:
    1. acute muscluar weakness
    2. myoglobinuria
    3. hemoglobinuria
    4. acute renal failure
      1. Ans(3)
  3. Interstitial nephritis is seen in:
    1. Alport’s syndrome
    2. ALDS
    3. leukemia
    4. All of the above
      1. Ans(4)
  4. All are features of HUS except:
    1. hyperkalemia
    2. Anemia
    3. renal microthrombi
    4. neuropsychiatric disturbance
      1. Ans(4)
  5. interstitial nephritis is seen with all except:
    1. beta-lactam inhibitors
    2. INH
    3. Diuretics
    4. Allopurinol
      1. Ans(2)
  6. most common organism involved in the pathogenesis
    1. E.coli
    2. shigella
    3. salmonella
    4. rotavirus
      1. Ans(1)
  7. Necrotizing papillitis is seen in all of the following except:
    1. Salicylate poisoning
    2. renal vascular thrombosis
    3. PNH
    4. diabetes mellitus
      1. Ans(3)
  8. renal papillary necrosis is most commonly associated with one of the following conditions:
    1. Diabetes mellitus
    2. Analgesic – nephropathy
    3. chronic pyelonephritis
    4. post-streptococcal GN
      1. Ans(3)
  9. An 8 yr old boy present to casually with a history of diarrhea followed by decreased urine output. blood examination shows thrombocytes 90,000/cm3. diagnosis is:
    1. HUS
    2. IC
    3. hemophilia
    4. ITP
      1. Ans(1)
  10. Crush injury leads to:
    1. ARF
    2. liver failure
    3. Sepsis
    4. CHF
      1. Ans(1)
  11. All of the following statements are true about HUs  except:
    1. Uraemia
    2. Hypofibrinogenemia
    3. Thrombocytopenia
    4. positive Coomb’s test
      1. Ans(4)
  12. Salt losing nephritis is a feature of:
    1. Interstitial nephritis
    2. renal amyloidosis
    3. lupus nephritis
    4. post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis
      1. Ans(1)
  13. A feature seen in TTP but not in HUS is:
    1. renal failure
    2. fever
    3. CNS features
    4. Thrombocytopenia
      1. Ans(3)
  14. Which of the following is the least important finding in interstitial nephritis?
    1. Hypokalemia
    2. Hyperkalemia
    3. Hypertension
    4. non-anion gap metabolic acidosis
      1. Ans(3)
  15. which of the following drug can cause?
    1. Clopidogrel
    2. Warfarin
    3. Heparin
    4. Aspirin
      1. Ans(1)
  16. causes of papillary necrosis include all except:
    1. Sickle cell disease
    2. diabetes
    3. chronic alcoholism
    4. thalassemia
      1. Ans(4)
  17. Treatment of choice TTP is
    1. antibiotic
    2. Blood transfusion
    3. plasma exchange
    4. Dialysis
      1. Ans(3)
  18. All of  the following are causes of Rhabdomyolysis except:
    1. Heroin intoxication
    2. hyperphosphatemia
    3. seizures
    4. crush injury
      1. Ans(2)
  19. All are features of renal tubular acidosis type 1 except:
    1. stone in kidney
    2. normal anion gap
    3. hypokalemia
    4. fanconi syndrome
      1. An(4)
  20. Rhabdomyolysis and myoglobinuria may be seen in:
    1. viper bite
    2. Statin
    3. B wins
    4. EBS
    5. All of the following
      1. Ans(5)
  21. Type I RTA is associated with all of the following except:
    1. Urinary PH >5.5
    2. Normal Anion Gap Acidosis
    3. ↑ urinary calcium
    4. ↑ urinary citrate
      1. Ans(4)
  22. non-oliguric renal failure is seen in?
    1. Diabetes
    2. SLE
    3.  multiple myeloma
    4. rhabdomyolysis
      1. Ans(4)
  23. Type II RTA is associated with all of the following EXCEPT:
    1. Normal Anion Gap Acidosis
    2. Hypercalciuria
    3. Decreased urinary citrate
    4. minimum urinary pH<5.5
      1. Ans(3)
  24. All of the following are true about rhabdomyolysis except:
    1. Hyperuricemia
    2. Hyperphosphatemia
    3. Hypercalcemia
    4. ↑ Creatine kinase
      1. Ans(3)
  25. Proximal & distal renal tubular acidosis is differentiated by all except:
    1. stones in kidney
    2. Hypokalemia
    3. Dally acid secretion
    4. presence of Fanconi syndrome
      1. Ans(2)

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