NEET PG Medicine MCQs 80 – Renal System Disorders

  1. Hyperkalemia occurs in which type of RTA:
    1. Type I
    2. Type II
    3. Type IV
    4. All of the above
      1. Ans(4)
  2. True about hyperoxaluria?
    1. Autosomal recessive
    2. can occur in Crohn’s Disease
    3. can occur in short bowel syndrome
    4. all of the above
      1. Ans(4)
  3. Fanconi syndrome occurs in which type of RTA?
    1. Type I
    2. Type II
    3. Type IV
    4. All of the above
      1. Ans(3)
  4. Which of the following amino acid absorption is affected in cystinuria?
    1. Cystine
    2. argentine
    3. lysine
    4. All of the above
      1. Ans(4)
  5. All are features of batters syndrome except:
    1. Polyuria
    2. metabolic alkalosis
    3. periodic paralysis
    4. hypertension
      1. Ans(2,4)
  6. All are true about cystinosis except:
    1. autosomal recessive
    2. accumulation of cystine in the lysosome
    3. visual impairment
    4. recur after transplant
      1. Ans(4)
  7. hypocalciuria occur in?
    1. bartter
    2. liddle
    3. gitelman
    4. gordon syndrome
      1. Ans(4)
  8. In renal cell carcinoma which is not associated
    1. Polycythemia
    2. amyloidosis
    3. cushing syndrome
    4. malignant hypertension
      1. Ans(3)
  9. Adult polycystic kidney inherited as:
    1. Autosomal -co-dominant
    2. autosomal dominant
    3. autosomal recessive
    4. X-linked dominant
      1. Ans(2)
  10. In which co-trimoxazole does not use in the treatment
    1. UTI
    2. Prostatitis
    3. chancroid
    4. typhoid
      1. Ans(3)
  11. True about adult polycystic kidney disease is all except:
    1. Autosomal dominant inheritance
    2. hypertension is rare
    3. can be associated with cysts in liver lungs and pancreas
    4. pyelonephritis is common
      1. Ans(2)
  12. Which of the following is associated with adult polycystic kidney disease?
    1. a berry Aneurysm in Circle of Willis
    2. Saccular aneurysms of the aorta
    3. fusiform aneurysms of the aorta
    4. leutic aneurysms
      1. Ans(1)
  13. polycystic disease of  the kidney may have cysts in all of the following organs except
    1. Lung
    2. liver
    3. pancreas
    4. spleen
      1. Ans(1)
  14. which of the following is the most  common extrarenal involvement in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease
    1. Mitral valve prolapsed
    2. hepatic cysts
    3. splenic cysts
    4. colonic diverticulosis
      1. Ans(2)
  15. which of the following statement is wrong regarding ADPKD
    1. kidneys are enlarged in size
    2. the presented in unilateral
    3. intracranial aneurysms may be associated
    4. typically manifests in the 3rd decade
      1. Ans(2)
  16. Medullary cystic disease of the kidney is the best diagnosis  by:
    1. ultrasound
    2. CT scan
    3. urography
    4. Biopsy
      1. Ans(2)
  17. The neonatal achieves concentrating equivalent to adult ‘s kidney by:
    1. One year of  age
    2. eighteen months of age
    3. three to sin months of age
    4. just before puberty
      1. Ans(1)
  18. A man 25 yrs old presents with renal failure. his maternal uncle died to renal failure 10 years ago. On slitlamp examination, keratoconus is presented Diagnosis?
    1. ADPKD
    2. ARPKD
    3. Alport’s syndrome
    4. Deny-Drash syndrome
      1. Ans(3)

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Most of the questions are from previous papers of  leading universities in India

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