NEET PG Medicine MCQs 81 – Renal System Disorders

1. Urinalysis shows RBC casts; likely source is:

  1. Kidney
  2. Ureter
  3. Bladder
  4. Urethra


2.  In a child, a non-functioning kidney is best diagnosed by

  1. Ultrasonography
  2. IVU
  3. DTPA renogram
  4. Creatinine clearance


3. Presence of which of the following in the urine is diagnostic of glomerular injury

  1. Bright red cells
  2. 20% dysmorphic RBC’s
  3. 100RBC per high power filed
  4. beta 2 microglobulin


4. A patient presents with acute renal failure with normal ultrasound abdomen report. Next most useful investigation is:

  1. Intravenous pyelography
  2. DTPA scan
  3. Retrograde pyelography
  4. X-ray abdomen and CT scan


5. In hematuria by the presence of all of the following except

  1. Red cell casts
  2. Acanthocytes
  3. Created red cell
  4. Dysmorphic red cell


6. In urinary system disease, GI symptoms appear because of:

  1. Chemical reflex
  2. Renogastric reflex
  3. Peritoneal reaction
  4. Reflux phenomenon


7. Which of the following mucoproteins forms the matrix of a Hyline cast

  1. Bence Jones protein
  2. Beta Microglobulin
  3. Tomm-Horsfall protein
  4. Arginine Glycoprotein


8. Which of the following best methods of urine collection is associated with the least contamination

  1. Suprapubic aspiration
  2. Midstream collection
  3. Catheterization
  4. Urinary Ba specimen


9. Recurrent gross hematuria is seen in all of the following except

  1. Alport’s syndrome
  2. IgA nephropathy
  3. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
  4. Thin Glomerular Basement membrane disease


10. The most common agent causing catheter-induced urinary tract infection is:

  1. E.coli
  2. Pseudomonas
  3. Staphylococcus epidermidis
  4. Proteus


11. Presence of which of the following correlates best which chronic renal failure

  1. Hyline cast
  2. Coarse granular cast
  3. Broad waxy cast
  4. Epithelial cast


12. Colored urine is not seen in:

  1. Quinine
  2. Rifampicin
  3. Nitrofurantoin
  4. Pyridium


13. A boy is suffering from acute pyelonephritis. The most specific urinary finding will be

  1. W.B.C casts
  2. Leucocyte esterase test
  3. Nitrite test
  4. Bacteria in gram stain


14. Anuria in clinical practice is defined as:

  1. Urine ouput< 100ml/hr
  2. Urine output<400 ml/hr
  3. Urine output< 800ml/hr
  4. Urine output<1200ml/hr


15. Acute pyelonephritis and uncomplicated UTI may be differentiated by all of the following Except

  1. WBC cast
  2. Concentrating defect
  3. Organisms in excess of 100,000 cfu/ml
  4. Antibody to Tomm Horsfall protein


16. Which of the following best defines Microscopic Hematuria as:

  1. 3 or More RBC/HPF
  2. 5 or More RBC/HPF
  3. 25 or More RBC/HPF
  4. 50 or More RBC/HPF


17. In differentiating Glomerular proteinuria from Tubular proteinuria, Glomerular proteinuria is indicated by:

  1. Proteinuria > 3.0-3.5 g/day
  2. Globulin> Albumin
  3. Albumin to β2 microglobulin ratio of 100:1
  4. Tomm Horsfall protein


18. Chyluria is associated with the passage of urine which is:

  1. White
  2. Drak yellow
  3. Straw cloured
  4. Brown


19. Which of the following statements about orthostatic proteinuria is true:

  1. Seen in the recumbent position
  2. Is being
  3. Future risk of nephrotic syndrome
  4. < 300 mg/day


20. The most common cause of Chyluria is

  1. Carcinoma
  2. Tuberculosis
  3. Filariasis
  4. Trauma


21. Bence Jones proteins are derived from:

  1. Alpha Globulins
  2. Beta Globulins
  3. Gamma Globulins
  4. Delta Globulins


22. Milky urine is most commonly observed with which of the following crystals

  1. Uric Acid Crystals
  2. Cysteine Crystals
  3. Calcium Oxalate Crystals
  4. Calcium phosphate crystals


23. Bence Jones proteinuria may be seen in:

  1. Alpha heavy chain disease
  2. Gamma heavy chain disease
  3. ‘Mu’ heavy chain disease
  4. Epsilon heavy chain disease


24. Which of the following Urinary crystals are rectangular prisms and resemble coffin lids:

  1. Calcium Carbonate
  2. Uric acid
  3. Cystine
  4. Struvite


25. Leucocyte esterase dipstick test is done for

  1. Bacteria
  2. Pyuria
  3. Hematuria
  4. Proteinuria


Take the quiz to complete the lesson. For taking the quiz please enroll as a member of this site and join our gold course

All attempts have been made to give the right answers in case anything wrong please inform us through our comments section also refer standard textbooks

Most of the questions are from previous papers of  leading universities in India

Repeat questions show the importance of those questions


Free WordPress Themes, Free Android Games