NEET PG Medicine MCQs 84 – Renal System Disorders

1. A child with kidney transplant developed lymphoproliferative cancer, The most common virus implicated is:

  1. CMV
  2. Varicella
  3. HPV
  4. EBV

Ans(4)


2. Hypercoagulation in Nephrotic syndrome is caused by

  1. Loss of Antithrombin III
  2. Decreased fibrinogen
  3. Decreased Metabolism of Vitamin K
  4. Increased in protein C

Ans(1)


3. All of the following antibiotics are known to cause acute interstitial nephritis, except

  1. Erythromycin
  2. Sulphonamides
  3. Ciprofloxacin
  4. Aminoglycosides

Ans(4)


4. Which is seen in nephrotic syndrome

  1. Low serum calcium
  2. Raised AT-III
  3. Low lipid
  4. Platelet activation

Ans(1,4)


5. Interstitial nephritis is seen with all except

  1. Beta-lactam inhibitors
  2. INH
  3. Durries
  4. Allopurinol

Ans(2)


6. Nephrotic syndrome may be associated with

  1. ↓ Total cholesterol
  2. ↓LDL cholesterol
  3. ↓ VLDL cholesterol
  4. ↓ Triglycerides
  5. ↓HDL cholesterol

Ans(5)


7. Salt losing nephritis is a feature of:

  1. Interstitial nephritis
  2. Renal Amyloidosis
  3. Lupus nephritis
  4. Post-streptococcal Glomerulonephritis

Ans(1)


8. The most common cause of nephrotic range protein in an adult is:

  1. Diabetes Mellitus
  2. Amyloidosis
  3. Hypertensive nephropathy
  4. Wegner’s Granulomatosis

Ans(1)


9. Necrotizing papilities is seen in all of the following except

  1. Salicylate poisoning
  2. Renal vascular thrombosis
  3. PNH
  4. Diabetes mellitus

Ans(3)


10. The Finnish type of congenital nephrotic syndrome occurs due to gene mutation the following

  1. Podocin
  2. Alpha-actinin
  3. Nephrin
  4. CD2 activated protein

Ans(3)


11. Necrotizing papillitis may be seen in all of the following condition except

  1. Sickle cell disease
  2. Tuberculous pyelonephritis
  3. Diabetes mellitus
  4. Analgesic nephropathy

Ans(2)


12. A patient with nephrotic syndrome on longstanding corticosteroid therapy may develop all the following except

  1. Hyperglycemia
  2. Hypertrophy of muscle
  3. Neuropsychiatric symptoms
  4. Suppression of the pituitary-adrenal axis

Ans(2)


13. Necrotizing papillitis is seen in:

  1. Salicylate poisoning
  2. Glomerulonephritis
  3. PNH
  4. Diabetes insipidus

Ans(1)


14. Following are features of acute N except

  1. Polyuria
  2. Hematuria
  3. Red cell cast
  4. Oliguria

Ans(1)


15. Necrotizing papillitis is seen in all of the following except

  1. Salicylate poisoning
  2. Renal vascular thrombosis
  3. PHN
  4. Diabetes mellitus

Ans(3)


16. Post-Infective glomerulonephritis present as

  1. ARF
  2. Nephrotic syndrome
  3. Nephritis syndrome
  4. Asymptomatic hematuria

Ans(3)


17. Renal papillary necrosis is almost always as with one of the following conditions

  1. Diabetes-mellitus
  2. Analgesic-nephropathy
  3. Chronic pyelonephritis
  4. Post-streptococcal GN

Ans(1)


18. Crescentic Glomerulonephritis may be seen in all of the followin except?

  1. Post-streptococcal Glomerulonephritis
  2. Henoch Schlein purpura
  3. Henoch Schlein purpura (HSP)
  4. Anti Basement Membrane Disease

Ans(4)


19. Which of the followin associated with papillary Nevrosis

  1. Alcohol
  2. Heroine
  3. Morphine
  4. Tramadol

Ans(1)


20. A crescent formation is characteristic of the following glomerular disease:

  1. Minimal change disease
  2. Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis
  3. Focal and segmental glomerulonephritis
  4. Rapidly non-progressive glomerulonephritis

Ans(2)


21. Ring sign on pyelogram is pathognomonic of

  1. Polycystic Kidney
  2. Papillary Necrosis
  3. Transitional cell carcinoma
  4. Medullary sponge kidney

Ans(2)


22. All can cause R.P.G.N except

  1. Minimal change glomerulonephritis
  2. Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
  3. Wegener granulomatosis
  4. S.L.E

Ans(1)


23. All are true of Nephrotic syndrome, except

  1. RBC casts in urine
  2. Hypo-proteinemia
  3. Edema
  4. Hyperlipidemia

Ans(1)


24. RPGN occurs in A/E

  1. SLE
  2. Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis
  3. Diabetic nephropathy
  4. Good pasture syndrome

Ans(3)


25. All of the following are decreases in Nephrotic syndrome except

  1. Transferrin
  2. Ceruloplasmin
  3. Albumin
  4. Fibrinogen

Ans(4)

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