NEET PG Medicine MCQs 85 – Renal System Disorders

1. RPGN occurs in A/E:

  1. SLE
  2. Post streptococcal glomerulonephritis
  3. Diabetic nephropathy
  4. Good pastures syndromes

Ans(3)


2. Which of the following conditions are assoiciated with pauci – immune crescenteric glomerulonephritis:

  1. Henoch – schonlein Nephritis
  2. Lupus Nephritis (SLE)
  3. Microscopic polyangitis
  4. Nephritis in Alport’s syndrome

Ans(3)


3. All are features of RPGN except:

  1. Rapid recovery
  2. Crescent formation
  3. Hypertension
  4. Non-selective proteinuria

Ans(1)


4. Non – proliferactive Glomerulonephritis include all of the following, Except:

  1. Focal Segmental Glomerulonephritis (FSGS)
  2. Mesangiocapillary Glomerulonephritis
  3. Membranous Glomerulonephritis
  4. Amyloidosis

Ans(2)


5. A 60-year old woman presents with generalized edema, skin ulceration and hypertension. Urine examination shows subnephrotic proteinuria (<2gm) and microscopic haematuria. Serum complement levels are decreased and she is positive for anti-hepatitis C antibodies. The likely diagnosis is:

  1. Post-streptococcal Glomerulonephritis
  2. Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia
  3. Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (MPGN)
  4. Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)

Ans(2)


6. IgA nephropathy is seen in:

  1. Membranous glomerulonephritis
  2. Mesangioproliferatie glomerulonephritis
  3. Focal glomerulonephritis
  4. Cresentic glomerulonephritis

Ans(2)


7. A 6 yr child presents with recurrent episodes of gross hematuria for 2 yrs. He is likely to have:

  1. IgA nephropathy
  2. Wilm’s tumour
  3. Henoch Schonlein Purpura (HSP)
  4. Neuroblastoma

Ans(1)


8. A feature of Renal vaculitis in children is –

  1. IgA raised
  2. Antinuclear antibody in serum
  3. Low complement level
  4. Cytoplasmic antinuclear Ab in serum

Ans(1)


9. 12 year old Sriram presented with gross hematuria with 80% dysmorphic RBC’s 2 days after a attack of upper respiratory tract infection. Diagnosis is –

  1. Microangiopathic thrombotic anaemia
  2. IgA Nephropathy
  3. PSGN
  4. S. purpura

Ans(2)


10. A young man develops gross heamaturia 3 days after an attack of URTI likely renal pathology is:

  1. Acute glomerulonephritis
  2. Minimal change disease
  3. IgA nephropathy
  4. Membranous glomerulonephritis

Ans(3)


11. True about Post-Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis is:

  1. 50% of cases occur after pharyngitis
  2. Early treatment of Pharyngitis eliminates the risk of P.S.G.N.
  3. Glomerulonephritis, secondary to skin infection is more common in summer
  4. Recurrence is seen

Ans(3)


12. Ramu, a 20-year-old smoker, presents with hemoptysis and hematuria. Likely diagnosis is:

  1. Good pasture’s syndrome
  2. Nephrotic syndrome
  3. Guillain Barre syndrome
  4. IgA Nephropathy

Ans(1)


13. 22-year-old presents to his physician with hemoptysis and hematuria with basement membrane antibodies. Most likely diagnosis is:

  1. Wagner’s Granulomatosis
  2. Goodpasture’s syndrome
  3. PAN
  4. Churg-Strauss syndrome

Ans(2)


14. Good pasture’s syndrome is characterized by:

  1. Anti-GBM antibodies
  2. Crescentic glomerulonephritis
  3. Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage
  4. All of the above

Ans(4)


15. Good pasture’s syndrome is characterized by all of the following, except:

  1. Glomerulonephritis
  2. Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis
  3. Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage
  4. Presence of antibodies to Basement Membrane

Ans(2)


16. Associated of deafness & nephritis is seen in:

  1. Pickwickian syndrome
  2. Alport’s syndrome
  3. Fabry’s disease
  4. Lawrence Moon Biedl syndrome

Ans(2)


17. The disease does not recur in the kidney after the renal transplant is:

  1. Alport syndrome
  2. Amyloidosis
  3. Good Pasteur’s syndrome
  4. Diabetic nephropathy

Ans(1)


18. A 7-year-old boy presented with generalized edema. Urine examination revealed marked albuminuria. Serum biochemical examinations showed hypoalbuminemia with hyperlipidemia. Kidney biopsy was undertaken. On light microscopic examination, the kidney appeared normal. Electron microscopic examination is most likely to reveal –

  1. Fusion of foot processes of the glomerular epithelial cells
  2. Rarefaction of glomerular basement membrane
  3. Deposition of electron-dense material in the basement membrane
  4. Thin basement membrane

Ans(1)


19. A 7-year-old girl is brought with complaints of generalized swelling of the body. Urinary examination reveals Grade 3 proteinuria and the presence of hyaline and fatty casts. She has no history of Hematuria. Which of the following statements about her condition is true:

  1. No IgG deposits or C3 deposition of Renal biopsy
  2. Her C3 levels will be low
  3. IgA Nephropathy is the likely diagnosis
  4. Alport’s syndrome is the likely diagnosis

Ans(1)


20. A 7-year-old boy presented with generalized edema. Urine examination revealed marked albuminuria. Serum biochemical examinations showed hypoalbuminemia with hyperlipidemia. Kidney biopsy was undertaken. On light microscopic examination, the kidney appeared normal. Electron microscopic examination is most likely to reveal –

  1. Loss of foot process seen
  2. Anti GBM Abs seen
  3. IgA deposits are seen
  4. No change is seen

Ans(4)


21.True about Light microscopic changes in Minimal change Glomerulonephritis is:

  1. No abnormality
  2. Fusion of foot process
  3. Absence of Immunoglobulins
  4. Absence of complement

Ans(1)


22. True about Minimal change disease is:

  1. Appears normal under light microscopy but electron microscope shows loss of foot processes
  2. Mesangial deposits
  3. Tram Track appearance
  4. Gross haematuria

Ans(1)


23. A child presents with hematuria and nephritic syndrome. A diagnosis of minimal change disease was made. Which of the following statements about the diagnosis is true:

  1. The glomerular function is lost due to loss of polyanions around the foot processes
  2. Foot processes of podocytes in the Glomerular membrane are normal
  3. The glomerular function is lost due to deposition of IgA on the glomerular membrane
  4. Focal segmental changes are include

Ans(1)


24. Mutation in alpha 5 chain of collagen 4. The diagnosis-

  1. Alport’s syndrome
  2. Thin membrane disease
  3. Nodular glomerulosclerosis
  4. Good pasture syndrome

Ans(1)


25. Presenting manifestation of Alport syndrome is:

  1. Haematuria
  2. Proteinuria
  3. Oliguria
  4. Sensorineural deafness

Ans(1)


Take the quiz to complete the lesson. For taking the quiz please enroll as a member of this site and join our gold course

All attempts have been made to give the right answers in case anything wrong please inform us through our comments section also refer standard textbooks

Most of the questions are from previous papers of  leading universities in India

Repeat questions show the importance of those questions

Free WordPress Themes, Free Android Games