NEET PG Medicine MCQs 86 – Renal System Disorders

  1. Renal vein thrombosis may be seen in
    1. Trauma
    2. Renal cell ca
    3. Pregnancy
    4. Nephrotic syndrome
    5. Dehydration
      1. Ans(1,2,3,4,5)
  2. located the renal stone with pain radiating to the medial side of thing and perineum due to slipping of stone in males:
    1. At pelvic brim
    2. an intramural opening of the ureter
    3. junction of the ureter and renal pelvis
    4. at the crossing of gonadal vessels and ureter
      1. Ans(1)
  3. Renal vein thrombosis is most  commonly associated  with:
    1. Diabetic nephropathy
    2. membranous glomerulopathy
    3. minimal changes disease
    4. membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
      1. Ans(2)
  4. Referred pain from ureteric colic is felt in the groin due to the involvement of the following nerve
    1. subcostal
    2. Iliohypogastric
    3. ilioinguinal
    4. genitofemoral
      1. Ans(4)
  5. All of the following are causes of Renal Vein Thrombosis except:
    1. membranous nephropathy
    2. membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
    3. lupus nephritis
    4. renal amyloidosis
    5. PSGN
      1. Ans(5)
  6. A 10 mm calculus in the right lower ureter associated with proximal hydroureteronephrosis is best treated with:
    1. extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy
    2. antegrade percutaneous access
    3. open ureterolithotomy
    4. ureteroscopic retrieval
      1. Ans(4)
  7. A 10 years old child develops hematuria after 2 days of diarrhea. Blood film shows fragmented RBCs& thrombocytopenia. Ultrasound shows marked enlarged of both kidneys. the likely diagnosis is:
    1. acute pyelonephritis
    2. disseminated intravascular coagulopathy
    3. hemolytic uremic syndrome
    4. renal vein thrombosis
      1. Ans(4)
  8. A child presents with abdominal colic and hematuria On ultrasonography a stone 2.0 cm in diameter is seen in the renal pelvis. The next step in the management of this case is:
    1. pyelolithotomy
    2. nephroureterectomy
    3. conservative
    4. ESWl
      1. Ans(4)
  9. Which of the following is  the most common type of Kidney stones
    1. calcium oxalate
    2. calcium Phosphate
    3. Uric acid
    4. struvite
      1. Ans(1)
  10. T/t used a lower ureteric stone is:
    1. Endoscopic removal
    2. DIuretics
    3. Drug dissolution
    4. drug dissolution
    5. laser
      1. Ans(1)
  11. All of the following statement about Renal Calculi are true Except:
    1. Cystine stones form in acidic urine
    2. Struvite stones form in alkaline urine
    3. oxalate stones are radiopaque
    4. uric acid stones are resistant to ESWL
      1. Ans(4)
  12. Chandu, a 45 yrs male shows calcification on the Rt side of his abdomen in an AP view. In lateral view, the calcification is seen to overlie the spine. Most likely diagnosis is
    1. gallstones
    2. calcified mesenteric nodes
    3. renal stones
    4. calcified rib
      1. Ans(3)
  13. The stone which is resistant to lithotripsy:
    1. Calcium oxalate
    2. triple phosphate stone
    3. cystine stone
    4. uric acid stone
      1. Ans(3)
  14. Nephrocalcinosis is seen in all except:
    1. Sarcoidosis
    2. distal RTA
    3. milk-alkali syndrome
    4. medullary cystic kidney
      1. Ans(4)
  15. Which of the following stones is hard to break by ESWL:
    1. Calcium Oxalate monohydrate
    2. Calcium Oxalate Dihydrate
    3. uric acid
    4. struvite
      1. Ans(1)
  16. Nephrocalcinosis is a feature of A/E
    1. primary hyperparathyroidism
    2. medullary sponge kidney
    3. vitamin sponge kidney
    4. pseudohypoparathyroidism
      1. Ans(4)
  17. All of the following types of Renal stones are radiopaque except:
    1. Oxalate
    2. Uric acid
    3. Cystic
    4. Mixed
      1. Ans(2)
  18. Nephrocalcinosis is seen in
    1. Medullary sponge disease
    2. acute pyelonephritis
    3. chronic glomerulonephritis
    4. chronic pyelonephritis
      1. Ans(1)
  19. Renal calculi associated with Proteus infection
    1. Uric acid
    2. triple phosphate
    3. calcium oxalate
    4. Xanthine
      1. Ans(2)
  20. A patient is known to have calcium Nephrocalcinosis for the post 10 years. all of the following dietary recommendations should be suggested Except:
    1. Protein restriction
    2. calcium restriction
    3. salt restriction
    4. all of the above
      1. Ans(2)
  21. Commonest Type Of renal stone seen in case of UTI is:
    1. Phosphate
    2. oxalate
    3. urate
    4. cysteine
      1. Ans(1)
  22. The adult polycystic kidney is inherited as:
    1. autosomal -co-dominant
    2. autosomal dominant
    3. autosomal recessive
    4. x-linked dominant
      1. Ans(2)
  23. Which of the following element is typical of struvite stones:
    1. Calcium
    2. aluminum
    3. magnesium
    4. Zinc
      1. Ans(3)
  24. Chromosomal location of adult Polycystic Kidney Disease I and II respectively are:
    1. Chromosome 16 and 1
    2. Chromosome 16 and 4
    3. Chromosome 16 and 5
    4. Chromosome 16 and 18
      1. Ans(2)
  25. Ureteric colic due to stone is caused by:
    1. Stretching of renal capsule sue to back pressure
    2. Increased peristalsis of ureter t overcome the obstruction
    3. irritation of intramural ureter
    4. extravasation of  urine
      1. Ans(2)

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